Shaktikhor Bio-dynamic Farmers Group
OneWorldis operating in Shaktikhor area, Chitwan District, hand in hand with several leasehold forests groups and private farmers for the production of biodynamic products.
The leasehold forest system was established by the Nepali Government to counteract the overuse and degradation of forests. Leasehold forest is land owned by the state leased in a long term agreement to groups of local families, with special provisions for marginalized groups and women. These groups can use the leased forest for specific purposes, including cultivation of perennial crop, harvest of fodder. Though annual crops like rice or corn are not allowed. In addition to environmental benefits the leasehold forest system aims at reducing poverty and contributing to gender equality.
In 2000 in the village of Shaktikhor, about 100 ha were transferred to 19 leasehold forest user groups. Since 2009, OneWorld and its non-profit arm, the Himalayan Biodynamic Developments Trust, have been working with the leasehold forest groups and private farmers to grow medicinal herbs, sesame and ginger over a large area. In 2011, the Demeter certification process began for all the leasehold forest land, in addition to approximately 20 ha of farmers’ private land. After a three-year conversion phase, the land will be fully certified as biodynamic. OneWorld and HBDT are continuously exploring the suitability of new crops that can be produced on the leasehold forest and private farms in Shaktikhor in order to improve and expand our work.
Facts and Figures
2000 Creation of leasehold forests in the area.
2009 OneWorldalc (and later HBDT) begins work with the leasehold forest groups and nursery development.
2012 Conversion to certified biodynamic cultivation begins on 120 hectares of leasehold forest and private land.
2014 Enlargement of the certified Demeter cultivation area to about 400 ha and of the certified sustainable wild collected area to about 600 ha (planned).